2017 Unfamiliar text paper, Practise

Question: Analyse how the writer sees the personal value of taking a photo

Notes: Memories attached to pictures
Lost to the wind (a metaphor for time)
Sticks their hand out to catch it (a metaphor for a photo)
Torn and crumpled (Metaphor for a crumpled photo or even if the photo is not that good its the memories contained by it)
“live in the moment”Quoting for
Memories as they fall away like sand in an hourglass (How memories fade and less able to relive moments. Also symbolism for time)
They’ll be safe, stored in crystal frames….Instead of the fragile murky mind
A few tiny pixels on my phone (insignificant a photo by itself is, but how powerful they are with the memories)

Themes
Time
Memories

Cathrine Norman illustrates the importance of photographs in the short story “Why not” by explaining how memories are lost easily throughout our lives, but by taking a photo is a way to hold onto them.

One way is by metaphor when she describes the losing memories to the wind. “Lost to the wind“. The metaphor wind is used to describe times nature as a constant force thatblowsmemories away, And the further they get blown away, the harder they are to pick up again. The importance of taking a photograph comes in when another metaphor is used. “Unless someone Sticks their hand out to catch itThis is a metaphor that you can catch the memory that is being blown away, and the way to catch this by taking a photograph. The word use of catch also gives the idea that the world is throwing memories, experiences are being thrown to us all the time and its up to us which ones we decide to keep.

The text goes on showing how time pulls these memories out of us and alters them by using metaphor and symbolism of time by an hourglass. “Memories as they fall away like sand in an hourglass“. Each second that passes more sand comes down the hour glass. The memories (the sand) are located at the top but after each second more sand falls to the bottom of the hourglass. This shows how easily our memories are lost as time will constantly age them and let them fall to the bottom of the hourglass. The importance of taking a photograph is to capture these memories so when we look back at them it brings the memory back.”They’ll be safe, stored in crystal frames…Instead of the fragile murky mind” This supports this idea as the photo is “safe” whitch suggests it was once in danger. The danger is time taking it away. But once a photo is taken its been saved. This is referring to a photo being we store photos in crystal frames. This is then contrasted to our mind where its “Fragile whitch shows that the photos keep these memories much safer than our mind as our mind is weak and easily warped by time. Altering our memories.
Finally, it is shown that a photo on its own doesn’t mean a lot. But rarther what the photo means is the why photos are important. This is done by patronizing the photo on his phone.A few tiny pixels on my phone” whitch shows that a photo is its own is just a few pixels and that they are tiny. But this occurs at the end and we know after we have read it that its the memories of the moment where the photo was taken that give the photo real meaning. This shows that do save these memories because they bring us back to moment through site and allow us to relive them in our imaginations.

Question: Analyse how the writer shows the challenge the musicians face in preparation for the photograph

The actual Challenges

The conductor shed his and was lashed by the whip of snow crossed air” Metaphor for the cold bite of the air. Furthermore “snow crossed air”

Question: Analyse how the writer shows that the same two things can be experienced in different ways.

Contrasting Narrative: “Unseen pits vipers coiled in deadly poise on saplings”
“Daylight was fading fast and the steep jungle track, slippery and unfamiliar.”
“The crimson sunset was a dramatic backdrop to the bats that pursued insetcs”

The writer shows hows two things can be viewed differently by the contrasting narrative. In the first section of the piece deals with a character who views the place shes in as dangerous.”Daylight was fading fast and the steep jungle track, slippery and unfamiliar.” The word choice of “daylight Fading fast” followed by how the track was slippery and unfamiliar builds tension as this environment it seems that she is lost is an unforgiving environment. However, in the second section, we see a different view in the manner. “The crimson sunset was a dramatic backdrop to the bats that pursued insects” This character sees the environment around him as intriguing and the impending darkness in more of a peaceful manner. He sees the environment as a peaceful manner because hes not viewing the possible dangers around him and instead is looking past that and seeing the world in a positive mindset.

The text goes on talking about the science of the human brain and why some people view two situations in the same way by using facts. “Your brain processes sensory information recognizes that information for what it is.” whitch the writer explains is to a piece of the brain called the Amygdala which process this information and is different for everyone. This then leads on for why people experience two different versions of events as some different hormones in this same situations. Some may feel fear while others feel excitement etc. Which leads people to have different responses as the contrast at the end shows “That’s a bat” and “THAT’S A BAT!!!” which further supports this as the contrast of their 2 different responses. I would then go on to say.

People are made up of many fragments.
Delicate but precise
Each has a different shape, a different colour and a different meaning.
Each one contains a realm of feelings.
These fragments are built through the rivers of time.
Through the experiences of our human life.
Significant
Or not.
They are Built inside our sunny smiles,
to the depths and the cracks of an empty abyss.
Those are the times when we want to just curl up and vanish
from all eyes.
Hide me from it all.

Humans
We feel stuff
Its the gift that contains a curse
A gift that is given whether you want it or not.
It holds you
To see what it wants you to see
It crawls inside you
Aware or not
And makes you feel

It can be a torturous trap.
It can be fertile freedom.

The sun soaks your skin
Smiles creep to your lips
Eyes glint as you laugh with them
Your chest rises beyond the sky
as happiness flow within your veins
A fragment that is you

We are all of our fragments pieced together to fit a puzzle that is you.
We feel Love, Heartbreak, regret, happiness the list continues.
Their are those times when your world twists and swirls to a point where you feel your insides go against it. Because it does bad. Sometimes very bad.
You are a creature that has this gift and it gives you the best times of your life, from the big to the little and unnoticed. If you cant see a

Creative Writing (+1 period XC)

There they stand. Tall and proud overlooking all that happens in their young growing world, unorganized by the human mind. The dwindling winter sun weakly struggles on its daily journey, delivering all its the sun-soaked light to the vast valleys that live hidden by the old protectors. They are worn and carved with collections of scars from the unforgiving, ruthless elements. But their knees are unbuckled; courage unbroken as they stand with linked arms, enduring. They rise and reach stabbing through the patchy carpet of cotton that effortless float around their peaks.
They are the mighty mountains.
Their earthy bases are dressed in the tangled bush where short rivers of ominous fog loom around their edges. For they stand as the stadium of what you are about to see. They are the shields from the wind, Dams that hold the ocean and the walls that prevent us humans from our reconstructing nature. 

It is peaceful.

Listen to it. A delicate breeze lightly tickles the trees as collectively their tops sway inhaling and exhaling. Distant crickets are the choir of clicks, contributing to the making of a distant song, while dampened rounded stones clink beneath each footstep. This is the harmony of nature.
We stand surrounded by a moss ridden community, where the trees sag under the weight of a thousand droplets. Impassable undergrowth, so fiercely thick, that the ground remains obscured as you inhale the soggy air. Golden tussocks soak in the rare sunshine while beads of dew giving them sparkles.

Wind pushes the frosty air into our faces as the sight of cold slate fills the view. Not a drop breaks its surface. Two tree packed islands rest in the middle, both evident of hacks and cracks. Both conceal there little paradise from our greedy eyes. Steep hills that haven’t yet grown into mountains are the cup that contains this scene. They are Cloaked from shore to summit and the lake mirrors this perfectly.

How could we forget? The cut in the middle of this picture, where the hills slowly separate barely touching at the bottom. Its a rigid parabola that frame the distant mountains we see ahead. Big brothers of the hills rise to much greater heights, past where the trees surrender to the barren rock. Your eyes trace the mountains sharp edges to the pinnacles laden with icing sugar. Up above are white streaks in the rich blue sky.

BOOM!
The distant rumbling of an avalanche, echos with strength as vibrations rattle landscape.
Bird’s wings fluctuate adding to the cacophony of the decending snow as dissipates into the distance
Silence.
Quietly whispering, the delicate breeze sighs as if relieved.
Black streaks varying in width with a fresh pile of shattered rocks take their first breath. This is a not act destruction but rather nature resculpting the land. From vibrant birds that sing in the canopy of trees, to the Weka that scavenges and scuffle in the dirt in search for nourishment. Or the seemingly silent fish and eels that slither and slip between the stringy underwater forest in the lightless depths.
But what about the uninvited guests, rats and stoats. Scrambling and charging.
Climbing and leaping.
In and out of their dirty dens.
On their relentless chase in the for their next victim.
They kill.
Sounds of scuffling and clawing.
Cries from their victims are silent.
But they didn’t bring themselves here.

There the mountains stand. They stand side by side pointing their snowy daggers to the sky as a sign of respect. In places these humble noble warriors bunch together shouldering one another, in others, they scatter. Many secrets are hidden within the mountains protected in layers of time. Enduring the many battles they have faced and the vigorous wars that prolongs. Marked and scarred.
Worn but not torn, they hold strong.
And they will hold to the very end.

Short Descriptions

Classroom
Tables and seats. People and machine. The tapping of keyboards releases a fluttering echo. The timeless clock makes the second’s drag pass as tangled thoughts wander inside the minds of the unnoticed. Warmth seeps into your skin as the chill(?) enviously waits.

Entering school
The wind speaks as you walk.
The clouds cover as you watch.
The cold feeds as we wander
our separate ways.

Reading Logs

Donnie Darko – Richard Kelly

Movie

The Film Donnie Darko is filled with many ideas that can lead us to get lost down the rabbit burrow. One of these ideas is that; “destruction is a form of creation“. The idea that a destructive act can create something is a paradox. The dictionary definition of destruction is “the action or process of causing so much damage to something that it no longer exists or cannot be repaired.“. The logic here supports the idea that there is no ‘creation’ in destruction; However, the film puts forward its challenge to this idea. The example of this in the film is when Donnie must travel back in time and let himself die. In doing this the tangent universe is destroyed but the outcome, or the creation, is that he has restored the stable universe. Thereby Destruction is a form of creation.
I would say that we are a result of destruction as 6 billion years ago there was a star that was running into the end of its life. This supermassive star composed of mostly Hydrogen and Helium went supernova after it ran out of fuel. The star would of collapsed in on its self and the force generated from billions of billion tons of matter falling towards the centre caused its to rip itself to shreds. It can no longer be repaired. But from that event led to the creation of another star and a set of planets. One of these planets managed to (as far as we know it has only happened once) create organisms that replicate themselves. Beings that give meaning to things that probably have no meaning. Beings that give meaning to destruction.

One thing numerous texts have in common is a plot. To me, and to many others, the plot is what the text has been painting from the beginning. Donnie Darko is At the climax of the film, uses a plot feature is known as Deux ex Machina to resolve the fact that the Tangent universe is falling apart. This feature is used to get solve a problem that seems impossible is solved in an unexpected way.”Deus ex machina…What did you say? What the fuck did you just say?  Our saviour.” This technique to many critics is a poor way to resolve the problem as its ‘easy’; However Deux ex Machina (God from the machine) in Donnie Darko case is the “God” of the universe trying correct the unstable universe back the stable one. This God gives Donnie the magical powers in time travel and seeing the future. Donnie becomes the saviour of the universe and Frank being the messenger from Roberta Sparrow’s book “A Theory of time travel”. although it is Donnie whos saves the universe it is the God (Deux ex Machina) that actually saves the universe because it is He that gives Donnie this power and although to us Donnie seems like the most unlikely person to fix the problem, God knows (because He sees things we cannot) that he will. This shows that Deux ex Machina can be more than just a plot feature.
Deus ex machina feature is used in many other texts and has been effective. In the Shakespearian play Macbeth, the lead character Macbeth has been told by the unearthly with that he can not be killed by anyone human born. At this point the witches have only told the truth; However, in the final fight, Macduff claims that he was “Untimely ripped” at birth and then kills. Deux ex Machina in this instance proves that the Witches had been playing with Macbeth the whole time which was suggested in early scenes. Deus ex machina, in this case, is being abused by the witches for the knowledge they have about the future.

Fate or free will. Control or controlled. Has your life been written or are you writing it now? It’s an age-old question that arguably no one knows. But that doesn’t stop people from trying. The Film mellowly presents this the first few minutes of the film by the lyric line “Fate up against your will” in the song killing moon. The idea is further amplified in the conversation between Donnie and his science teacher. “If God Controlled time, then the time is pre-decided “. Donnie suggests that we are in a universe controlled by fate. Everything has been that has happened or will happen has already been pre-decided and that no act is random. However, the film continues to contradict itself when the tangent universe is created because and when Donnie says “Deus ex machina…What did you say? What the fuck did you just say?  Our saviour.” This is the suggestion that is God from the machine. In other words, there is a being over watching what is occurring. He sent Frank the messenger to allow Donnie to save the Universe. But if everything is predecided then why didn’t this God prevent it from happening. In my opinion, the film’s genius is by not giving us a straight answer whether free will or fate exists. Because how could we possibly prove one or the other exists. It’s a concept that may be almost impossible for humans to understand. I would say its best to live life without concern for whichever exists. Its not ideal to be someone like Romeo from Romeo and Juliet who goes from surrendering himself to one only for it to lead to his destruction. “He hath the steerage of my course direct my sail.” to “I defy you stars.”. Its best just to live in the moment whitch ever it may be. Or whether it is something else because we just wonder this earth and once again give meaning to things that probably mean anything.

The Fault in our Stars – John Green

Book

A striking feature of Augustus Waters in John Greens novel The Fault in our Stars is the way he deals with Cancer and lives his life. “I’m on a roller coaster that only goes up“, Augustus who has survived cancer (and lost a leg in the processes), knows that there is a possibility that his cancer could come back at any given day. Throughout the novel whenever Augustus feels nervous or is need of extra courage he pulls out a cigarette out his packet and puts it between his lips. However, not once does he light it. “You put the killing thing right between your teeth, but you don’t give it the power to do its killing.” The Cigarette symbolism for the power Augtus has over cancer. Cigarettes are known to be carcinogenic and Augustus has one between his lips as he knows it could come back at any time. But he doesn’t let this fact control his life and he doesn’t give it the power to kill him as he exercises, eats healthy and does everything he can to not let it come back. This is the same as him not lighting the flame. The act also gives himself confidence as seen when he’s nervous or uncomfortable in a situation. It reminds him of what he has overcome and what he continues to battle and how that present moment is not as tough as what he has or will face in the future. “I’m on a roller coaster that only goes up” is Augusts simply saying that his life is on the way up from now on and he has been through his worst. It also expresses his positive, quirky nature
Eventually, at books end, he does indeed die, but in some ways, he didn’t let cancer fully kill him. You see prior before cancer took his presence away from the world, he lived like anyone else and didn’t let the daunting fact that he cancer stop him. He will live on in his friends and family memories and all the people he shaped in the processes of his life. Because we are all going to die at some point and if we worry about this fact for the rest of our lives then we will get nothing done and be shaded by fear. At the end of it its who we affected and what we did to the world that we leave behind. Although Augustus may have not of lived as long as most this didn’t stop him from doing what he could to shape the people in the world. And in one angle of things, this is what matters. The effect we have on others. The mark we leave behind. So why make it a bad one?

About Time – Richard Curtis

Movie

Richard Curtis film About time shows us the importance and significance of each event in our life. This is achieved by Tims ability to go back to any moment in his life. To many, this superpower stretches our imaginations in the possibilities and where it could lead; however, as Tim grows with this power we follow a different perspective on the matter. Near the end, Tim decides to almost never travel back in time. “Live as if there are no second chances.”. Through his experiences, Tim finds that the best way to live his life is like everyone else if he can help it. Even if he makes a mistake in work or loses a court case (he’s a lawyer). This is because he has found that although it may feel bad at the time you gain something that you wouldn’t get otherwise. Experience. Changing it may lead to a better outcome but it also shuts many doors you may never open. You learn how to move on and where that may lead you like finding a passion or meeting your new best friend. Tim realises that the most he can gain is by simply living life as a normal person with the success, failures and everything in-between as they are what expose who we really are. We all experience horrible feelings that at the time we wish we could take back, but it is these horrible times that lead to other times that we would want to live over and over again. In my own life, I have failed at many things. I have failed tests and been a crapy runner. But I like to think that these failures have made me into who I am today. I have been shaped by all my successes and failures because we as normal humans cant travel back. Tim realises that the most he can gain is by simply living life normally whitch leads to his last lesson. “I try to live every day as if I’ve come back to this one day to enjoy it.” whitch is as simple as it sounds. Tim advises us to live to enjoy each day whether its good or bad and to notice all the little things that would otherwise be unnoticed because they are what count. These little things add up and can become bigger than some of the things we may consider to be a “major problem”. If someone with the power to go back in time tells us that the best way to live life is to walk through day by day and live with whatever happens, and to look out for the little nuggets of goodness then we should take something away from that.

The Perks of Being a Wallflower – Stephen Chbosky

Book

Stephen Cbboskys novel The Perks of Being a Wallflower explores the power of friendship and its effects on trauma and events so horrible that your mind has suppressed. Charlie, the main character of the novel, is a troubled, shy boy who has been through a lot through his life including the recent loss of his best friend through suicide and the death of his aunt. He also witnessed a date rape but was to shy to speak up. Because of this, he kept to himself and lived in his bubble of pain. Through his first year of high school, Charlie makes two friends who accept him, Inclusive funny Patrick and beautiful caring Sam. After a party, they go for a fun car ride rarther late at night where they go through a tunnel and Sam and Patrick are dancing “And in that moment, I swear we were infinite.“. Charlie at that moment felt infinite because for the first time he felt accepted by people who liked him and he could let go of all the negative baggage he had been carrying around by himself. He was free. The tunnel is symbolism for the emotional rollercoaster that Charlie experiences through the novel for when times get tough in relation to the saying “There’s a light at the end of the tunnel” whitch leads to the last point. Near the end of the novel, Charlie reveals his true feelings for Sam where they then become intimate with each other. This brings back Charlies suppressed memory of when he was once molested by his aunt. “The sound was thick. And she was doing what Sam was doing.” This is Charlie once again being plunged back into the darkness of trauma where he ends up going to a mental hospital. But through the support of his friends and family, he grew past it. The book illustrates the importance of friendships and how just adding a few people who care about you, into your life can change you. They also peel away the layers of you that no one else has seen and help carry you when times are tough. We, humans, are made to be loved by others and we need human connection in our day to day life. They help us and shape us. For some there is not a lot better than coming home from work and seeing your best friend.

Why Not – Tessa Duder, Glyn Strange (eds)

Short Story

This short story by Tessa Duder and Glyn Strange (edited) shows the fragility of memories and how photos are a way to preserve them. This is by metaphor when she describes the losing memories to the wind. “Lost to the wind“. The metaphor wind is used to describe times nature as a constant force that “blows” memories away, And the further they get blown away, the harder they are to pick up again. This idea is further developed by the text by using metaphor and symbolism of time by an hourglass. “Memories as they fall away like sand in an hourglass“. The hourglass is symbolism for time and our memories are each grain of sand. The idea that the sand in an hourglass is a representation of our memories further suggest their impermanency. This is because as time passes the sand falls to the bottom of our glass. These grains of sand that fall are now too aged to properly to remember.
The idea of taking a photograph to preserve memories comes in when another metaphor is used. “Unless someone Sticks their hand out to catch it” This is a metaphor that you can catch the memory that is being blown away, by the wind, by time. The “Catch” is taking a photograph. The word use of catch also gives the idea that the world is throwing memories, experiences are being thrown to us all the time and its up to us which ones we decide to keep. Furthermore, it shows that a photo on its own doesn’t mean a lot. But rarther what the photo means is the why photos are important. This is done by patronizing the photo on his phone. “A few tiny pixels on my phone” whitch shows that a photo is its own is just a few pixels and that they are tiny. But this occurs at the end and we know after we have read it that its the memories of the moment where the photo was taken that give the photo real meaning. This shows that photos are not a way to save memories but memory triggers because they bring us back to moment through the site and allow us to relive them in our imaginations.

The Hate You Give (THUG) – Angie Thomas

Book
The Hate You Give by Angie Thomas deals with the touchy subject and reality of racism and poverty by many key events that happen throughout the book. The first idea is power the media has of manipulating facts against “black” people. Early on in the story a “black” teen gets shot and killed by a police officer after being pulled up on the side of the road.”Black” people were furious with this outrage but the media uncover dirt on the teen’s name because he was selling drugs.“He was a drug dealer.” It hurts to say that. “And possibly a gang member.” The media uses this information to its fullest extent undermining his name giving the police officer for selling drugs.“The drug dealer. That’s how they see him. It doesn’t matter that he’s suspected of doing it. “Drug dealer” is louder than “suspected” ever will be.” Labelling him a drug dealer shadows the “Suspected” term as we automatically stereotype a drug dealer to being the “Bad guy”. the media doesn’t include in their articles that the Teens mum had a rare disease where the medication for it comes at a high price and living in the poor getto was his only option for the medicine. Now although this doesn’t make up for the fact that he sells drugs it does give a bit of back story into why and would allow people to empathize with him. This shows the medias total control of what harsh phrases they can put in to gain attention and what facts they can leave out if it doesn’t further support there opinion. This is one side to the racism of that area.

2.4 Writing Portfolio – Genre Investigation – The Book Thief


“Heres a small fact, you are going to die”. This is the only certain fact we humans know. But we don’t know when. We as humans live in a shade of fear by death. We want to live a long prosperous life and death is the bullet that we are continually trying to dodge. We as humans view death as a monster. However, Markus Zusak’s novel The Book Thief uses the character Death to lead us to challenge these preconceptions. Zusak goes further showing us that we are the monsters that we write in our books and watch on our screens. Its surrealness of Death that exposes this.


Magical Realism is written and presented as realism to shine familiar light upon the reader so the text is convincing; However, it is undermined by the fact that it contains an unearthly element whitch takes it outside of our world. “what happens when a highly detailed, realistic setting is invaded by something too strange to believe“. The convergence of these two elements allows the reader to view the magical element in the world we know. Authors do this to make us rethink the reality of our society. This is because they place the magical element close alongside the overall meaning of the book so that the magical element that is too strange to believe forces us to see aspects of society that we have not seen before. It makes us see new colours. Markus Zusak’s novel The Book Theif uses the character Death to steer us in the direction that we are what we make other things out to be, including the bad things. Especially the bad things.


One of the applications of Magical Realism in Markus Zusak’s novel The Book Theif, is the challenge upon the reader’s preconceptions of death. Death as a character grows on us to be an honest character. After all, what does he have to hide. “I am not violent. I am not malicious. I am a result”. Death highlights the point that he is not violent whitch leads us to think, given that most deaths in WWII were from acts of violence, that he is not the reason for any death. He is not killing them because he is a result of our actions. Therefore this shifts the responsibility off deaths shoulders and onto ours. He sheds the light onto the page’s history such as the Holocaust and pushes the idea that these events were just a tragedy. They were not done by an almighty being. They were done by us.


Knowing we are going to die converged with the uncertainty of when our death is that gives Death power over our lives. So when we are faced with a character who is Death we naturally feel uncomfortable by his power; However, as Zusak leads through the pages we find that Death is not almighty powerful as we think. As aforementioned death is a result of our actions and Death is just doing his job. “Minute after minute, shower after shower…Please believe me when I tell you that I picked up each soul that day as if it was newly born“. This is regarding the mass number of Jews being gassed and ‘almighty’ Death who is sympathizing over their souls. Death treating their souls as newborn children also suggests that he is taking their souls reluctantly. He not only has to take their souls unwilling but he also has to stand by and watch all these people die. Death is contained in a crippling position. He doesn’t possess the power to stop what he sees. He doesn’t have the capability to take our souls away from us. He’s there to clean the mess. A mess created by monsters.

Please believe me when I tell you that I picked up each soul that day as if it was newly born” Death sympathizing with souls also creates a compelling effect of empathy from the reader because if Death cares for the souls of something that’s not him, because he’s not human, then shouldn’t we as humans care? After all who would possibly want to take their newborn child away from this world? Perhaps this shows “Even Death has a heart“.
When we imagine a character playing Death we would often think of the black cloaks, skull replaced for a face. It would be betrayed in our society as a sinister character. But Zusak defies this. He leads us down a different road when the character Death confronts the reader. “You really want to know what I truly look like?… Find yourself a mirror while I continue”. Death lays on us that we see him every day. That he is a part of us. This is accomplished when he asks us to find a mirror and to find a mirror we must look at it. When we look into a mirror we see the light, our colours being reflected back to us. Death says the colours that we would see in the mirror are the ones of death. Death has seen and will see, every person who has ever lived, die. He is the most reliable source we have. Death doesn’t have a skull for a face. He doesn’t wear black robes because humans are the face of death.

There is Death… On the surface: Unflappable, Unwavering. Below: Unnerved, untied and undone.” As each page is unfolded Death reveals his fears more and more. He unfolds the curtains that hides a monster. The extensive alliteration of the prefix un in draws our attention to his message he has only been hinting at. The message is that the things he has seen have put him on his knees. The ‘Almighty’ Death has been “undone” by our actions as humans. His final remark holds this. “I am haunted by humans” is Deaths final line that leaves us to grasp Zusak’s ideas of existence as humans. That although we write all these books with evil characters that we assume could not possibly exist in our world, they are actually a reflection of what humans can be like. The curtain does not hide a green beast. It hides a human face.

We as readers, after reading The Book Thief, now see the illusion that has been embedded in society. We are not running from a bullet shot by the universe. We are running from the bullet that us humans have shot. But we shouldn’t be scared by this bullet. We shouldn’t be scared of the monsters. Death will happen to us inevitably but its all the years and memory we live and create in the meantime that truly matters.

Book Thief Plan

Question: How did Markus Zusak employ features of the genre Magical Realism to convey his ideas about human existence in his novel The Book Thief

Ideas
Purely death based would involve the 2 alike paragraphs based on what I know and implement them
Challenges our preconceptions of death that we as human beings are responsible for our actions
Challenges our preconceptions by using Death to show that Death is misunderstood and that we have the potential to be the monsters that we write in our books and watch on our screens.

Death.

Quotes for Magical realism
what happens when a highly detailed, realistic setting is invaded by something too strange to believe
It relies upon realism, but only so that it can stretch what is acceptable as real to its limits

Introduction.
What is death
Living in shade/fear of death
Preconceptions of death
Application of using death in book theif
We are the monsters we put into our books and watch on our screens
Magical Realism

History and purpose magical realism (draft)
It is often written and presented as realism to shine familiar light upon the reader so the text remains in the realm of possibility; However, it is not Realism because it contains an unearthly element. It is the convergence of these two elements that give the text the ability to alter the reader’s view on society. This creates the opportunity for the reader to view the magical element in the realm of reality. The realm of reality with the magical element within leads to the reader to change their views where the element is placed because they now have the view of society with the twist that the author has intended,.

p1
Death doesn’t kill anyone because he is a result. I am not violent. I am not malicious. I am a result”

p2 “Minute after minute, shower after shower… Please believe me when I tell you that I picked up each soul that day as if it was newly born.
Death is powerless in this situation of seeing all these people die as he is a result. He is powerless and has to not watch (like us) but be a part of it. He sympathizes with them.
End with Even Death has a heart

p3 Death then hinting at us that we are the bad one. “You really want to know what I truly look like?… Find yourself a mirror while I continue”. Death begins to pin the responsibility onto us. We are the main cause of death. More aforementioned.
Bulids up a bit of tension of what he is going to look like only to mislead us into telling us its humans.

p4 Deaths overall fear of humans a by I am haunted by humans quote which fully shows that we are the ones who are responsible for all of it
Talk about all of the colour metaphors as one
There is Death… On the surface: Unflappable, Unwavering. Below: Unnerved, untied and undone. Therefore Meaning he is scared of humans. Extensive use of alliteration of un.

There is Death… On the surface: Unflappable, Unwavering. Below: Unnerved, untied and undone. Therefore Meaning he is scared of humans. Extensive use of alliteration of un. As each page is unfolded Death reveals his fears more and more. He unfolds the curtains that hides a monster. 
I am haunted by humans is Deaths final remark to the reader showing humans are the monsters.

conclusion
Classic
Brief statement about death
sum it all up
Don’t be scared of death, it is not the monster
Something to tie it all up

Changes
This is because they place the magical element close alongside the overall meaning of the book so that the magical element that is too strange to believe forces us to see aspects of society that we have not seen before

They were not done in the pages of any book. eg Not an almighty being

This is regarding the mass number of Jews being gassed and ‘almighty’ Death who lives in the clouds is sympathizing over their souls.

Death sympathizing with >Thier< souls also creates a compelling effect of empathy from the reader because if Death cares for the souls of something that’s not him, because he’s not human, then shouldn’t we as humans care?

skull replacement replaced for a face. 

He is the only source that isn’t an opinion.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magic_realism

B.T. paragraph

Introduction thing
For the most part, Markus Zuzacks novel The Book Thief has been written in the genre of realism as all of the places and events appear to be very believable to what we know about the world; However, from the very beginning, there is an anomaly or a misprint that gives the novel its Magical realism characteristics. Its narrated in the perspective of death.

The purpose of applying magical realism, in Markus Zusak’s case, is to challenge the reader’s preconceptions of the idea of death. Death as a character grows on us to be an honest character. After all, he has nothing to hide. “I am not violent. I am not malicious. I am a result” Death highlights the point that he is not violent whitch suggests to us, given that most deaths in WWII were from acts of violence, that he(it) is not the reason they are dying. He(it) is not killing them because he is a result of our actions. Therefore this shifts the responsibility off deaths shoulders and onto ours. This sheds new light, new colours onto events such as WWII and the Holocaust and helps push away any ideas that these events were just a tragedy. This is because they were our doing and not some otherworldly being. They were done by us.

Magical realism continues to present ideas in new colours from the character of death. The character of death continues without fail to shed colours on the horrors humans have performed. Death throughout this chapter does what we did not. Minute after minute, shower after shower… Please believe me when I tell you that I picked up each soul that day as if it was newly born. Death here presents the Nazis that what they are doing to the Jews is routine, normal. By using the word minute and shower it indicates with ‘after’ in between them, it indicate its happening on a regular basis. This Meanwhile, Death is horrified he(it) is still trying to take care of every soul he sends away while the Nazis are discarding great quantities with little care. This makes it seem like Death cares more for the Jews and French involved more than us the humans. This gives the powerful effect of making us feel empathy as if someone like Death cares so much then, shouldn’t we?